Subjects all chemicals to an EPA review for the first time
EPA will conduct a risk-based review of all chemicals in commerce.
New chemicals will be subject to EPA review before they can come to market.
Risk evaluations must be based only on human health and environmental considerations.
EPA must consider vulnerable groups like infants, pregnant women, and the elderly.
Requires EPA to focus on chemicals that are the highest priorities
EPA will establish a transparent, risk-based process to identify high and low priority chemicals that considers a chemical’s inherent hazards; uses; typical exposures to people, including vulnerable groups, and the environment; proximity to drinking water sources; and other relevant information.
A thorough risk evaluation will be conducted on all chemicals designated as “high priority.”
Makes it easier for EPA to require more safety testing of chemicals
Empowers EPA to require manufacturers to perform additional safety testing on chemicals if the Agency believes more data is needed to make a safety determination. In the past EPA had to demonstrate that a chemical didn’t meet the safety standard before it could require more tests.
Gives EPA a full range of options to manage risks posed by chemicals
EPA will apply risk management measures to any chemical found to present an unreasonable risk that could include labeling requirements, use restrictions, phase-outs, or bans.
Compliance with all rules must be as soon as practicable, but generally within five years.
Sets aggressive yet attainable deadlines for EPA to complete its work
EPA has 180 days from enactment to have risk evaluations underway on the first 10 high priority chemicals, which will be pulled from EPA’s existing Work Plan Chemicals list.
Within 1 year, EPA must establish the process to identify additional high and low priority chemicals.
Within 1 year, chemical manufacturers must report to EPA all chemicals they are currently producing or processing so the Agency has an accurate accounting of chemicals currently in commerce.
Within 3.5 years, EPA must have evaluations underway for at least 20 high priority chemicals.
Risk evaluations must be complete in 3 years, with a possible 6 month extension.